Medical Billing Audit: Checklist to Conduct a Success

Today everyone in healthcare does comprehensive medical billing and coding auditing. It’s necessary to survive in the highly competitive industry and stay compliant. Healthcare organizations process tons of documents, and the cost of mistakes is immense.

In fact, nearly 50% of Medicare claims have errors. Although Medicare pays most of the received claims without review, there is a slight chance to get rejected. Apart from insurance payments, the poor medical billing audit process can affect bottom lines and revenue cycle management. You can also be penalized for compliance issues, such as incorrect payments or missing records. 

Medical Billing Audit: Checklist to Conduct a Success 1

Hence, to avoid such troubles, you should know how to prepare for a medical billing audit. In our article, we will explain the preparatory steps and give a concise medical billing audit checklist. After reading it through, you will be ready to implement more effective auditing in your healthcare organization.

What Is Medical Bill Auditing?

A comprehensive medical billing audit is a process performed to evaluate clinical documentation. It checks the accuracy, reliability, and effectiveness of records kept by a healthcare organization and reviews the billing documents submitted to payers. The audit allows detecting, monitoring, and fixing inappropriate billing practices.

An accurate medical billing audit is a complex procedure. You will need to handle many data sources, including clinical records, financial records, accounting documents, and policy-related documentation. Hence, it’s important to collect all information within a single system and have it properly ordered.


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Note that there are several approaches to comprehensive auditing medical billing. You can run an internal healthcare billing audit or request an external check.

  • Internal audits are performed by an organizational team working as a part of the audited entity. These are the dedicated specialists who regularly run audits to ensure transparent and efficient billing practices. Internal checks are an optimum solution for medium and large-sized healthcare organizations that can keep auditing professionals in-house.
  • External audits require healthcare organizations to collaborate with an external auditing body. It checks the billing practices against standards to spot any problems and help to fix them. External audits may be more suitable for small practices that don’t have the necessary specialists in their team.

Overall, most organizations combine internal and external audits for deeper checks. Whereas the internal ones are used to regularly evaluate billing accuracy and compliance, external audits are more profound and allow getting an independent opinion.

Benefits Of Medical Billing Audit

Regular medical billing audits offer numerous benefits. By conducting these audits, practices can optimize revenue collection, mitigate financial and legal risks, and make informed business decisions. A robust medical billing audit process is essential for improving profitability and maintaining a streamlined and compliant billing system. Let’s discuss them one by one:

Improved Profitability

Audit help to identify errors, inconsistencies, and inefficiencies. By addressing these issues, practices can optimize revenue collection, reduce claim denials, and ultimately enhance profitability.

Enhanced Documentation

Audits provide an opportunity to evaluate and improve medical record documentation. Accurate and comprehensive documentation ensures that services provided are properly recorded and billed, increasing the likelihood of receiving full payment for services rendered.

Compliance with Regulations

Audits ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and coding guidelines. By identifying non-compliant practices or documentation gaps, audits enable practices to make necessary adjustments to avoid potential legal and financial risks.

Reduced Billing Errors and Claim Denials

Audits identify common billing errors and patterns that lead to claim denials. By addressing and rectifying these issues, practices can minimize the occurrence of claim denials and avoid revenue loss due to payment discrepancies.

Identification of Revenue Leakage

Regular audits can uncover areas where revenue leakage occurs, such as undercoding or missed charge capture. By identifying and addressing these gaps, practices can maximize revenue capture and prevent financial losses.

Data Integrity and Quality

Audits ensure the accuracy and integrity of data used for billing and reporting purposes. This helps practices maintain reliable and high-quality data, essential for making informed business decisions and meeting reporting requirements.

How to Prepare for a Medical Billing Audit If You’ve Never Done It

Before scheduling a medical billing audit, you should take some actions to make it go smoothly. Thanks to it, your medical billing data and documentation will initially have better quality. It will also be easier to map out the audit process.

Here are some key recommendations on how to prepare for an accurate medical billing audit.

Create Clear Auditing Policies and Procedures

Instruct your team on when to conduct audits and what procedures to follow. For example, you can complete internal checks quarterly and invite an external auditor once per year. Data processing rules are another aspect to mention in your policies beforehand.

Educate Your Staff on Proper Coding and Documentation

Despite increasing EHR adoption rates, healthcare workers, including clinical coders, are still involved in record-keeping. To avoid irregularities in coding and bills, you should teach your staff how to handle the documentation. It will both prepare them for further audits and make your data sources better ordered and error-free.

Get Ready for Regular Audits

Healthcare billing audits require regularity. That’s why preparing for your first audit you should already think about the upcoming checks. Apart from policies and procedures, you should also do scheduling, create templates and other standard documents. Such a comprehensive approach will save you a lot of time in the future.

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Implement EHR and Billing Systems

Today, healthcare organizations cannot do without EHR and automated billing software. Yet apart from being necessary for record management, it’s also essential for audits. By adopting an EHR and integrating it with your billing and other practice management solutions, you make data connected from the start.

As a result, audits become much simpler and better automated. Medical billing audit experts can easily detect any issues or validate that everything is ok. Therefore, quality software is among the must-have steps to prepare for upcoming healthcare billing audits.

Find Out What Type of EMR/EHR Software is the Best for Your Business

Step-by-Step Instructions on How to Audit Medical Billing

Once you finish the preparation, you can start with a comprehensive medical billing audit. Note that to run an efficient audit, providers and payer auditors should agree to record any unsupported or unbilled charges. Only then the check will be considered fair and accurate.

Here is how we do the medical billing audit process step by step:

Step #1. Map Out the Scope of the Check

Review your records and the scope of the upcoming medical billing audit to allocate the necessary resources. You need to estimate the number of providers, payers, billers, and coders. After that, you will understand what medical billing audit experts are necessary for regular and in-depth checks.

Step #2. Assemble External and Internal Specialists for a Medical Bill Audit

Most likely, you will need to combine internal and external audits. Make sure to find a trusted independent audit consultant beforehand and agree on how to request a hospital bill audit. Independent auditors are third-party professionals qualified to do medical billing audits. They have relevant experience and always stay impartial for objective evaluation of the billing processes. According to the American Association of Medical Audit Specialists, auditors and audit coordinators must be proficient in the following:

  • Formatting and content of health records and other forms of clinical documentation
  • ICD-10-CM, HCPCS, CPT coding, and medical terms
  • Auditing principles and standards
  • Billing claims forms (UB-04, the HCFA 1500) and billing procedures
  • States and federal regulations related to patient records processing and confidentiality

Step #3.Redistribute Tasks and Develop an Audit Strategy

When you know the scope and have a team, it’s time to select the most suitable strategy. We recommend randomly choosing a certain number of records per provider and per payer to stay unbiased. From there, you can review documentation for the selected records to spot any discrepancies or inaccuracies.

Step #4. Investigate the Documentation In Your EHR and Billing System

Here’s the main part. At this point, auditors need to check billing reports, charges, codes, and other critical records. Not sure how to audit your medical billing company? Make sure the investigation:

  • Checks whether the institution delivered services in compliance with the physicians’ treatment plan
  • Checks whether the services are documented in records as provided to the patient
  • Checks whether the charges reported on the bills are accurate
  • Checks how the CPT codes are reimbursed by comparing the results to your contract terms with individual payers
  • Checks risks or problematic areas by comparing previous performances monthly or annually

Step #5. Accept the Audit Findings or Contest

In case the medical billing audit detects any issues, you are required to remove them within the shortest time. If you as a provider don’t agree with the results of an audit, you can contest the findings within 60 days.

These steps make up a standard healthcare billing audit procedure you can use for auditing medical billing. Since healthcare checks must be regular, it’s good to have an algorithm of actions. You can also use the medical billing audit checklist below to make sure all the necessary aspects are checked.

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A Universal Medical Billing Audit Checklist

In the course of a medical billing audit, it’s useful to follow a checklist. It will keep you on track and help to avoid skipping something.

  • All patient records have accurate IDs in the EHR system
  • All patient records have the necessary biographical data
  • Each chart contains the name of the person providing care
  • All entries in the EHR, billing, and other healthcare management systems are dated
  • All entries in the EHR, billing, and other healthcare management systems are legible
  • The audited patient records have an appropriate medical history
  • The audited patient records have important details (e.g., allergies, adverse drug reactions, alcohol, smoking, or substance abuse)
  • Lab tests are properly ordered and dated
  • Treatment plans are consistent with diagnoses
  • Patient records have a history of physical examination
  • Cooperation between the primary and specialty physicians is documented
  • All prescriptions and refills are recorded
  • Medication data sheets are used
  • Informed patient consent for all procedures and prescriptions is received
  • All missed or canceled procedures are recorded
  • Medical codes are properly assigned and have the right format
  • Medical codes for ancillary services are present
  • Templates are used for billing and professional documents

Consider Empeek As Your Trusted Medical Billing Audit Partner

To implement regular billing checks, you need reliable software and professional advice from experts on how to do a medical billing audit. Empeek can help with both.

As a software development company with a focus on healthcare, we create EHR systems, CRM, accounting software, and other medical solutions. An electronic healthcare records system designed for a US-based hospital is one of our recent projects. It has automated appointment scheduling, medical history records access, and billing that facilitates audits. If you want a similar custom healthcare software, we can create it for you.

If you need advice on how to audit medical billing, we also provide consulting services. You can learn more about healthcare billing procedures and ways to maintain their accuracy and compliance. Still wonder how to choose a medical billing development company? Check our guide to get more insights.


Let us help you achieve greater business results - our software development experts push the limits to deliver the most advanced solutions.

Final Thoughts

Healthcare managers need medical billing audits for many reasons. Regular checks simplify compliance, bring clarity to the data management practices, but, most importantly, optimize healthcare services. When medical billing and coding data is accurate, the bottom lines grow. The scope of financial losses significantly reduces and insurance reimbursements take less time.

Our guidelines will help you implement regular internal and external medical billing audits to reap these and other benefits. Follow them or contact us with any questions left.

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What is medical bill auditing?

Medical billing audit is a comprehensive check performed by healthcare organizations and external bodies to evaluate the accuracy of the clinical documentation. It involves different kinds of critical documents, including bills, healthcare coding entries, and medical records.

Why run medical billing and coding auditing?

Healthcare billing audits allow an organization to meet regulatory compliance, become more profitable, improve data quality, and enhance its services.

How often to conduct a medical billing audit?

Healthcare organizations need to check billing and medical records internally and externally at least once per year. Large practices may complete internal audits quarterly.

How does Empeek do the medical billing audit process?

It’s necessary to randomly select some records per provider and per payer to check them in depth. For more detailed guidance, use our checklist and step-by-step auditing instructions.

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Written by:
Alex Shpachuk Alex Shpachuk CEO
Alex Shpachuk is the owner and strategic partner of Empeek. His effective leadership and a visionary approach to the future of healthcare turned the company into a dynamic environment attracting the brightest minds with the common vision for product impact and service excellence. With over a decade of experience in software engineering and comprehensive knowledge of designing and deploying tailor-made solutions for healthcare providers, Alex channels his passion for software development and consulting into the written word.

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